List of Indian Inventions is one of the Major topics which they are frequently asking in all competitive exams. We took more effort on Indian scientists and their inventions and made it easy for you to secure good marks in Banks exams. Make note of Indian scientist and their inventions which will help you to gain more knowledge.
Indian Inventions in Construction and Architecture
Iron pillar of Delhi:
- The world’s first iron pillar is the Iron pillar of Delhi.
- In the times of Chandragupta II Vikramaditya (375–413) the building of the pillar is made.
- The pillar got the attention of archaeologists and materials scientists and is got to know as “a testament to the skill of ancient Indian blacksmiths”.
- The origin of the stupa can is a mark at the 3rd-century BCE India.
- It was used as a commemorative monument associated with storing sacred relics.
- The stupa architecture was adoption in Southeast and East Asia, where it got evolves into the pagoda, a Buddhist monument for enshrining sacred relics.
- Flush toilets using water is at several houses of the cities of Mohenjodaro and Harappa from the 3rd millennium B.C.
Metrology Field Inventions
- Bengali scientist Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose in the early 20th century made an invention to the crescograph, a device for measuring growth in the plant.
- Rulers made from Ivory were in use by the Indus Valley Civilization in what today is Pakistan and some parts of Western India prior to 1500 BCE.
- Excavations at Lothal (2400 BCE) have yielded one such ruler calibrated to about 1/16 of an inch—less than 2 millimetres.
Computer and Programming Languages
- Visual J# (pronounced “jay-sharp”) programming language was a transitional language for programmers of Java and Visual J++ languages.
- So they could use their existing knowledge and applications on .NET Framework.
- The Hyderabad company Microsoft India Development Center at HITEC City in India made this development.
Kojo (programming language):
- Kojo is a programming language and integrated development environment (IDE) for computer programming and learning.Kojo is open-source software.
- Lalit Pant, a computer programmer and teacher living in Dehradun, India made the creation and the development of Kojo.
Science and Technology – Indian Inventions
- The source of the carbon pigment used in India ink was India.
- In India, the carbon black from which India ink is produced is obtained by burning bones, tar, pitch, and other substances.
- In the 4th century BCE the ink got mix to use in the carbon pigment.
- The first public demonstration of microwave transmission is done by Jagadish Chandra Bose, in Calcutta, in 1895.
- Bose’s revolutionary demonstration forms the foundation of the technology used in mobile telephony, radars, satellite communication, radios, television broadcast, WiFi, remote controls and countless other applications.
- The word shampoo in English is derived from Hindustanichāmpo and dates to 1762.
- A variety of herbs and their extracts is made into shampoos in early times.
- A very effective early shampoo is done by boiling Sapindus with dry Indian gooseberry (aamla) and a few other herbs.
- Sapindus, also known as soapberries or soap nuts, is known as Ksuna.
- The game of kabaddi originated in India during prehistory.
- Suggestions on how it evolved into the modern form range from wrestling exercises, military drills, and collective self-defence but most authorities agree that the game existed in some form or the other in India.
- It is there during the period between 1500 and 400 BCE.
- Pachisi originated in India by the 6th century.
- The earliest evidence of this game in India is the depiction of boards on the caves of Ajanta.
- Mughal emperors of India; a notable example Akbar uses to play this game.
- who played living Pachisi using girls from his harem.
- A variant of this game, called Luodo, made its way to England during the British Raj.
Snakes and ladders:
- Vaikunta pali Snakes and ladders originated in India as a game based on morality.
- During British rule of India, this game made its way to England and was eventually took an introduction in the United States of America by game-pioneer Milton Bradley in 1943.
Materials and Material production
- Ornamental buttons—made from seashell—were used in the Indus Valley Civilization for ornamental purposes by 2000 BCE.
- Ian McNeil (1990) holds that: “The button, in fact, was originally used more as an ornament than as a fastening.
- The button is in the shape of curve shell.
Charkha (Spinning wheel):
- In India, the invention of charkha took place between 500 and 1000 C.E.
- Yoga as a physical, mental, and spiritual practice originated in ancient India.
- The mathematician Brahmagupta had begun using abbreviations for unknowns by the 7th century.
- He employed abbreviations for multiple unknowns occurring in one complex problem.
- Brahmagupta also used abbreviations for square roots and cube roots.
- The Basu’s theorem, a result of Debabrata Basu (1955) states that any complete sufficient statistic is independent of any ancillary statistic.
- Bhaskara II got credit with knowledge of Rolle’s theorem.
- Although it is after Michel Rolle name who describes with insufficient proof.
Hindu number system:
- With decimal place-value and a symbol for zero, this system was the ancestor of the widely used Arabic numeral system.
- The development took place in the Indian subcontinent between the 1st and 6th centuries CE.
- Virahanka in c. 700 AD describes the first Sequence.
- Gopala (c. 1135) took the next step to the series, and Hemachandra (c. 1150), as an outgrowth of the earlier writings on Sanskrit prosody by Pingala (c. 200 BC).
Other Major Indian Inventions
- Indians were the first to use the zero as a symbol and in arithmetic operations, although Babylonians used zero to signify the ‘absent’.
- In those earlier times, to denote zero a blank space came as use.
- Later when it is creating confusion a dot made a replacement to denote zero.
- In 500 AD circa Aryabhata again gave a new symbol for zero (0).
- In the 6th century CE by Varahamihira and in the 10th century by Halayudha, commenting on an obscure reference by Pingala (the author of an earlier work on prosody) to the “Meru-prastaara”, or the “Staircase of Mount Meru”, in relation to binomial coefficients.
Trigonometric functions (adapted from Greek):
- The trigonometric functions sine and versine originated in Indian astronomy, adapted from the full-chord Greek versions (to the modern half-chord versions).
- Aryabhata describes in detail about Trigonometric functions in the late 5th century.
- But it was likely got development earlier in the Siddhantas, astronomical treatises of the 3rd or 4th century.
Ayurvedic and Siddha medicine:
- Ayurveda and Siddha are ancient systems of medicine had a practice in South Asia.
- In the Hindu text, we can find Ayurvedic ideas.
- Ayurveda has evolved over thousands of years and is still practised today.
- Cataract surgery is the Indian physician Sushruta (3rd century CE).
- In India, Jabamukhi Salaka is the special tool with which the cataract surgery is done.
- It is a curved needle used to loosen the lens and push the cataract out of the field of vision.
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